The Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland, also
known as the British Zionist Federation or simply the
Zionist Federation (ZF), was established in 1899 to campaign
for a permanent homeland for the Jewish people. The Zionist Federation is an
umbrella organisation for the Zionist movement in the United Kingdom,
representing more than 120 organisations, and over 50,000 affiliated
In 1917, the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour communicated the
Balfour Declaration to the leader of United Kingdom’s Jewish community Lord
Rothschild for transmission to the Zionist Federation.
The Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland was established in 1899 to campaign for a permanent homeland for the Jewish people. At that time, Palestine was a distant and neglected province of the Turkish Empire with Jewish population of approximately 50,000.